WE'VE been enjoying lots of sunshine in the garden. My dogs have been panting a lot though, so how can I make sure they don’t overheat? Anita

Dear Anita: Our pets love being outdoors, but their thick coats can lead to overheating. It’s really important to make sure they have access to clean, fresh water at all times. Keep it in a shaded area and drop a few ice cubes in throughout the day so it stays nice and cool. A shaded area will also help your dogs escape the sunshine – for example a parasol, gazebo or even access to a tiled kitchen floor – many pets love lying on these to stay cool and it’s important they have somewhere they can go to escape the heat. When it comes to walkies, it’s best to go early morning or late in the evening.

I’ve noticed my cat’s eye looks different. It’s as if it’s closing in the corner. She doesn’t seem bothered by it, should I be worried? Clare

Dear Clare: Cats and dogs have something we call a third eyelid, this is a thin membrane which closes across the eyes from the corners for protection and moisture. Sometimes this can cover part of the eye when it shouldn’t which can look a bit odd. Bizarrely one cause can be an upset stomach (Haws syndrome) but there can be other conditions such as trauma, infections or dehydration that make the third eyelid come across the eye so we’d always advise calling your vet, especially if she’s squinting, the eye is weeping or looks sore.

I’m looking for a comfortable collar for my cat Lily, but I’m not sure what type is best. What would you recommend? Alan

Dear Alan: Cats aren’t required by law to wear collars and they can cause injuries if they catch on branches and fences. I would recommend getting Lily microchipped, as this is a permanent way of identification. A microchip is a harmless radio chip about the size of a grain of rice which is injected under the skin in the same way as a routine vaccination.

My dog was recently hit by a car. He’s recovered well, but has become nervous when we're out walking along pavements. What can I do to help him through this? Jakhu

Dear Jakhu: Once a pet has had a negative experience it can take time and patience to rebuild their confidence. To help your dog get used to cars again, you’ll need to start by walking him on a securely fitting collar and lead on a quiet pavement away from any cars – a quiet park would be perfect. Once relaxed bring him towards a parked car, and praise and reward calm behaviour. Repeat this, gradually getting nearer to the road or seeing an increased number of cars. If he gets anxious, calmly remove him from the situation and carry on at the last level he was comfortable with; do not force him to continue if he’s becoming stressed. If you’re struggling contact the Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors (apbc.org.uk)

PDSA is the one of the UK’s leading vet charity. For more information and questions regarding your pets please go to www.pdsa.org.uk.